Martha Ijok Adibe NJOKU
Department of Biology, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of community resources on the academic performance of secondary school students in Biology in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area. The design adopted for the study was Quasi-experimental research design. Two schools Obio/Akpor Local Government Area were randomly selected for the study, which are; Community Secondary School, Rumuepirikom and Community Secondary School, Ogbogoro. In each school, SS2 A class was selected and using a coin, the two classes were assigned experimental and control groups respectively. The sample size of the study consists of 153 students. The instruments used for data collection were Biology Performance Test (BPT) developed by the researcher. Validity and reliability of the instrument were established. Cronbach alpha and Kuder-Richardson formular (K-R20) to obtain correlation coefficient values of 0.76 and 0.82 for BPT and QCR respectively. The data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation for research questions and t-test for hypothesis. The findings of the study show that the available community resources were health center, farm, garden and zoo, creek and ponds. The museum was not available. It also revealed that available community resources were not adequately utilized by Biology teachers. Finally, use of community resources has a positive impact on the academic
achievement of Biology students. Further test for gender difference in achievement, showed no significant difference. It was recommended among others, that teachers should incorporate community resources into their teaching Biology in secondary schools.
Keywords: Community, Resources, Performance, Biology, Students, Academic
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